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Muslim narrated:

"The Holy Prophet recited both the prayers together during the time of his expedition to Tabuk; he joined the Zohr and Asr prayers, and the 'Maghrib'and 'Isha' as well, and recited them one after another.

Saeed bin Jubair commented:

"I asked Ibn Abbas to explain me the reason behind it, to which he replied: "The prophet wanted his nation not to undergo toil and hardship and not have any burden in their minds whilst praying."

Muslim Ibn hajjaj spoke after Maath mentioning the fact that:

"We were going along with the Holy prophet during the Battle of tabuk when the Holy prophet performed both the 'Zohr' and 'Asr' prayers together not to mention that of 'Maghrib' and 'Isha'.

Malik bin Anas in his book 'Al-Muwata' writes the following:

Ibn Shihab asked Salim bin Abdullah:

"should the noon and afternoon prayers be joined whilst traveling?"

He replied:

"Yes, it is alright to do so; did you not see the prayers of the people in Arafah?"

It is necessary to mention that the Muslims consider it permissible to join the Zohr and Asr prayers on the day of Arafah, performing both the prayers uninterruptedly. Regarding this point, Salim bin Abdullah said:

"In the same manner that the people join their prayers and recite in together in the day of Arafah, they can do so at other instances also."

Al-Muttaqi Al-Hindi in his book, 'Kanz Al-Amal' mentioned,

Abdullah bin Omar said:

"The honorable Prophet joined the reciting of the noon and afternoon prayer as well as 'Maghrib'and 'Isha' whilst still settled in a particular place and not only when he was travelling."

A man when heard this statement, asked as to why the prophet continued with this practice even whilst he was not travelling and was at ease. He answered:

"So that his nation would not have to go through any toil or difficulty when reciting their prayers."

In the book of 'Kanz Al-Amal' we read the following that:

"Jabir bin Abdullah said:

"The holy prophet prays the noon and afternoon prayer with a single 'Adhan' and two 'Eqamah's."

Once again in 'Kanz Al-Amal' the following narration is mentioned that: Jabir bin Abdullah said:

"It was the time of sun-set when the honorable prophet was in Mecca and when he reached the area where they had to pray in straight rows, he joined one of the rows and prayed both the 'Maghrib' and 'Isha' prayers together."

In 'KaAl-Amal', the following is narrated from Ibn Abbas: "The holy prophet whilst residing in Madina, joined the noon and afternoon prayers and the 'Maghrib'and the 'Isha' prayers whether he was travelling or not, or íf there be a downpour. The narrator said:

"I asked Ibn Abbas as to why the Prophet did so, to which he replied that:

"Due to the fact that the prophet wanted for his nation to be at ease."

Result:

Considering all the traditions we have already mentioned, we sum up the clear evidences for the correctness of the explanation regarding the joining of prayers according to the Shia point of view.

QUESTION 28:
What do the Shia Jurisprudents use as their sources?


ANSWER:

The Shia, for the purpose of deducing the legal rules, abide by the divine book of Allah and the tradition of the Holy prophet (p) and basically benefit from the following four basic resources:

God's book

Prophet's tradition.

Consensus.

Reasoning.

Among the above-mentioned sources, The Quran and the tradition of the Holy prophet are the most fundamental sources for the Shia jurisprudents that we will briefly recount:

Quran, the divine book of Allah.

The followers of the Shia school of thought consider the Quran to be the most ideal and equitable source for deducing laws in jurisprudence and for the criterion of identification of the divine commandments, due the Shia leaders having introduced this heavenly book of Islam as the most eminent reference for achieving the jurisprudential judgments; such that if any theory was to be compared to the Holy Quran and it was in total concurrence with it, then only would it have been accepted, or else it would be rejected.

The sixth holy Imam Jaffer Sadiq (p) has stated in the light of this that:

"And every speech that in not in accordance with the Holy Quran is unfounded."

Imam Sadiq (p) has also narrated form the honorable Prophet that:

"O people, any statement that is attributed to me, if it be in accordance with the Holy Quran, then it is considered mine and if it is in disagreement to it, then it is far form mine."

Regarding the above-mentioned Hadith, it is clearly evident that according to the Shia leaders, the heavenly book of the Muslims is considered the most credential source for the deduction of legal judgments.

Prophet's judgment:

The tradition of the holy prophet ascribed to his speech, behavior and his approval of the works, is the second considerable source for the Shia jurisprudents. The impeccable household of the Holy Prophet (the Imams) are known as the sole transmitters of the prophet's tradition and are the treasuries of his knowledge. Of course, if at all the prophet's speech was transmitted through other reliable methods of transmission, it can also be accepted by the Shia and can be counted as a relibale source for them.

Let us discuss the following dividing it into two fields:

Evidences in support of the adhearance to the prophet's tradition:

The Imams of the Shias, inferred from the divine book of Quran to their followers and alongside the prophet's tradition extolling both the Quran and the Tradition of the Prophet (p).

Imam Sadiq (p) says in this regard that:

"When coming across a tradition, find the evidence for it referring to the Quran and the sunnah, then accept its authenticity or else the speech is only more suitable for the narrater himself."

Imam Muhammed Baqir (p) considered that a tradition must be traced down from the Holy prophet's for it to be fully qualified and says the following:

"The real jurisprudent is one who is austere in this world, shows eagerness to the hereafter and the one who strictly adheres to the Prophet's tradition."

Further more, the beacons of light who are the impeccable household of the Prophet, consider it disagreeable a matter, that God's Book and the tradition of the prophet would ever be a cause of ambiguity.

Imam Sadiq (p) to this regard says:

"Whosoever has any disagreement with the Quran and the prophet's tradition is a non-believer."

Thus, it becomes clear that the Shia, more than any other Islamic group, hold the tradition of the Holy Prophet in great esteem and so the baselessness of the ones who accuse the Shias of alienating themselves from the Holy prophet's traditions is already verified.

The Validation regarding the Adherence to the Holy prophet's traditions.

In order to elucidate the perspective of the Shias regarding the tradition of the Holy prophet, we are obligated to explain the matter into two ways:

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