moral and spiritual level by such
recommended deeds as reciting the Holy Qur'an, giving alms, meditating on one's
past life and a more righteous future course, remembering Allah's favours and
greatness, helping fellow-humans and the doing of various other good that
benefits the self and the society.
Fasting, therefore is an institution
designed for educating the soul and casting it in an Islamic evolutionary
There are numerous Hadiths which guide a
fasting Muslim towards divine bliss. Imam Ali ibn Abi-Talib (a.s.), quoting his
cousin the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.), says:
during the month of Ramadhan out of faith and seeking Allah's pleasure and
guards his ears, eyes and tongue from harming people, Allah will accept his
fasting, forgive his past sins...,,*
Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (a.s.) relates the
Prophet's advice to Jabir ibn Abdullah:
"o Jabir, whoever, fasts the days of Ratnadh
an, stands for prayers in parts of its nights, guards his/her sexual desires,
reins in his/her tongue, lowers his/her gaze and injures, not the feelings of
others, will become free of sins as on the day he/she was born." *
Imam Ja'far as-Sadiq (a.s.), on the
authority of his illustrious forefathers, quotes his noble ancestor Prophet
Muhammad (s.a.w.) as follows:
"If a fasting person when
abused, replies peace be upon you I will not abuse as you do, the Lord, the
Exalted and Most High, says, By fasting, My servant has saved himself from the
evil of My (other) servant, I grant him refuge against the fire." *
* Ahmad i bn Han bal and the compilers of Sunan have
narrated the above with slight difference.
* Sheikh Saduq. Thawab aL-AmaL p. 88.
* aI-Kafi. a1-Kulayni.