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".. Once the Prophet heard a fasting
woman abusing her maidservant. He ordered some food and told her to eat'. lam
fasting', she said. He replied Can you be considered fasting when you have just
abused your maid. (Beware) Fasting does not mean only to abstain
from(mere)eating and drinking'." *

What follows is an advice from Imam Jafar as-Sadiq (a.s.) to
a fasting Muslim:

"When you fast, guard your
hearing and sight against the forbidden, and your limbs and all other organs
from the vile. Do not rm'e at or injure a sen'ant. Be dignified as a fasting
person should, and keep silent and calm, except when remembering Allah. Do not
regard your fasting day as an ordinary day and refrain from intercourse,
kissing and loud laughter, because Allah dislikes that." *

The Prophet says:

"Whoever backbites
his Muslim brothers, his fasting will be invalid* and his ablution
null. Should he die it, such a state, he will die like the one who decreed
lawful what Allah has forbidden." *

Such, therefore, are the lofty ethics,
fasting persons are exhorted to observe, as Ramadhan
is a month for worship and for reforming one's self.

As is clear the objectives of the great
reformative duty called fasting cannot be fulfilled except by adhering to these
lofty morals and ethics. If not, the act will turn out to be an exercise in futility
with the fasting person gaining nothing except the pangs of hunger and thirst.



* Wasa'il ash-Shia. al-Hur

* Backbiting does not make the
fast void but since it is a sin it negates the re)Iard a fasting person

* Waco ii asjz-Shi'a al-Hur
al-,4mili. vol. 4, ,4bwab ,ldab cs-Sawm.

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