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incumbent

upon us to stop those violating the sanctity of this month in public places by
eating, drinking or mocking at religious tenets.


RULES OF FASTING


WAYS TO
IDENTIFY THEFJRSTANDLASTDAYS OF RAMADHAN


Since Ramadhan is a lunar month, it
is necessary to ascertain the new moon in order to facilitate fasting. The Sharia
has accordingly prescribed one of the following ways to identify the first
and last days of Ramadhan:


1- One sees the new moon himself.


2- A group of trustworthy people report
seeing the new moon.


3- Two just men report seeing the new
moon, and their descriptions do not disagree.


4- Thirty days have passed since the
beginning of Sha ban.


5- The leading mujtahid* states that it is the first of Ramadhan.


The same procedure also applies to the
last day of Ramadhan and Eid-uI-Fitr.


Note: an
astronomical report on the new moon is not a binding verification of the first
day of Ramadhan.


DAY OF DOUBT


1- If one is not certain whether it is the
last day of Sha'ban (the preceding month) or the
first day of Ramadhan, that person is not obliged to
fast that day. However, if one chooses to do an optional or defaulted fast that
day, and later on discovers it was the first of Ramadhan, it will be
regarded as a normal Ramadhan fast.


2- If one intends to break fast on the day
of doubt, but has had none of the fast-breakers, then before noon the day was
proved to be of


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* A mujtahid is a
person who is an expert in Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh): he is also called
faqih.


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