Ramadhan, one must intend to fast that day as a fast of Ramadhan. In this way the day's fasting will be deemed correct.
3- But if one has had a fast-breaker, and
before noon the day was proved to be of Ramadhan, it is obligatory to al~tain
the rest of the day, and make default for it later. Similarly if it was known
in the afternoon, that the day was proved to be of Ramadhan, one must abstain
the rest of the day, and make default later, even if one has had none of the
fast-breakers. necessary for fasting. Those who are sick are exempted, and nor
should one fast when sure of adverse effects on health, or fears possibility of
a. If one fears -the fear of any prudent
person- that fasting will make him/her sick, worsen malady or bring harm then
he/she should not fast, but make up for the defaulted fasts later, on regaining
b. Mere feeling of weakness~.or for that
matter psychological fear is not an excuse to forego fasting or to break fast.
But if the physical weakness is very severe and unbearable and is taxing the
power of resistance, then it is allowed to break the- fast.
c. If fasting has no adverse effects for a
sick person, then it is obligatory for him/her to fast.
d. If one fasts, believing there will be no
adverse effects, but it turi~ out later that fasting did harm his/her
condigion, such a fast is not regarded as correct.
e. If one fasts knowing that it will be
harmful, or possibly harmful, his/her fasting is null.
Earlier we had briefly mentioned the
significance of inten necessary for fasting. Those who are sick are exempted,
and nor should one fast when sure of adverse effects on health, or fears
possibility of adverse effects.