a. If one fears -the fear of any prudent
person- that fasting will make him/her sick, worsen malady or bring harm then
he/she should not fast, but make up for the defaulted fasts later, on regaining
b. Mere feeling of weakness,or for that
matter psychological fear is not an excuse to forego fasting or to break fast.
But if the physical weakness is very severe and unbearable and is taxing the
power of resistance, then it is allowed to break the- fast.
c. If fasting has no adverse effects for a
sick person, then it is obligatory for him/her to fast.
d. If one fasts, believing there will be
no adverse effects, but it turns out later that fasting did harm his/her
condigion, such a fast is not regarded as correct.
If one fasts knowing that it will be harmful, or possibly harmful, his/her
fasting is null.
Earlier we had briefly mentioned the
significance of inten tion (Niyya). Here, we wish to deal in detail with
this important subject.
A tradition from Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.)
"Deeds depend on intentions."
Hence, Intention is compulsory for every
devotional act. A devotional act, without a true, purely God-oriented
intention, is void. Fasting is thus one such act which requires the intention
of gaining proximity to Allah. Yet, such an intention need not necessarily be
present in the mind of the fasting person at each and every single moment of
fasting, but the person concerned should be aware of the state. The intention
to fast will remain effective, and even if one forgets or sleeps, the fast will
However, the intention to fast requires
certain basic rules:
1. Intention depends on two options. One
can intend on the first eve of Ramadhan to fast for the whole month, or
can make the intention daily for that particular day, but before dawn breaks.