a- A sick person provided the sickness
continues for one full year until next Ramadhan is exempted. However, in
such case one must pay 3/4 kilogram of wheat or any other staple food to the
needy as expiation for the days missed.
b- If one has not kept the fast for reasons
other than sickness (example: being on a journey), and the same reason continues
until next Ramadh an, that person must make up for the defaulted fasts,
and it is also advisable to give 3/4 kilogram of food to the poor for every day
of defaulted fast.
Defaulted fasts should be made up before
the next Ramadhan. In case defaulted fasts are delayed after next Ramadhan,
then one has time to fast afterwards whenever one can but that person
should in addition distribute 3/4 kilogram of wheat or any staple food to the
needy for each day of defaulted fasts as expiation.
If a person for whom Ramadhan fasting
is compulsory, breaks the fast intentionally and willingly, must do an act of
atonement in addition to making up the defaulted fast.
Sharia prescribes three methods of atonement,
and any one method will atone for one day of defaulted fasting:
1- Freeing a slave.
2- Fasting for 60 days. The first 31 days of
this fast must be consecutive. If, in the first 31 days, a reason arises for
brcaking fast, such as the menstrual period, or a journey which can on no
account be delayed, one need not start the 31 days of fasting over and again.
Rather, that person can complete the remaining days when the cause is removed.
3- Feeding 60 poor Muslims (for one full
meal). If one cannot afford to feed 60 poor Muslims, should then feed as many
as possibl. In case of not being able to feed anyone, then that person should
sincerely plead Allah for forgiveness (say astaghflrullah) for the deed
done. It is a