Speech by Ayatullah Baqir AlSadr [Electronic resources] نسخه متنی

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Speech by Ayatullah Baqir AlSadr [Electronic resources] - نسخه متنی

Mohammad Baqir Sadr

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A Speech by Ayatullah Baqir

Ayatullah Baqir-al-Sadr, during the final days of his last Ramadhan, gave
a powerful speech to Religious Scholars. This speech is translated in the
book "Trends of History in the Qur'an" by the same author. Some excerpts
follow (This is not the whole speech, just some parts):
"One can either love Allah or love the world. But both the loves cannot
be contained in one heart. Let us submit our hearts to test. Let us
examine our hearts to see whether the love of Allah or the love of this
world prevails over them. If the love of Allah prevails over our hearts,
let us make it deeper. If, Allah forbid, the love of this world prevails,
let us try to save ourselves from this dreadful malady."
"Every love which occupies the centre of the heart of a person is of
either of the two kinds. We call the perfect love the double grade love
and the love which is not so perfect, the single grade love. To begin
with, (single grade) love becomes the basis of man's sentiments, feelings,
emotions and desires. After attending to his job or immediate need, man
soon returns to his object of love, because love occupies the centre of
his thoughts, feelings and sentiments."
"In the case of double grade love, man's entire attention is drawn by
the object of his love and nothing can divert his attention from it. He is
never inattentive to the thought of his beloved."
"Both these kinds of love are found in the case of the noble love of
Allah. Single grade love appears in the hearts of the pious believers
whose hearts are free from the impurities of the base affairs of this
world. As soon as they are free from their immediate engagements, they
return to the question which is the object of their love."
"As for double grade love, it is found in the hearts of the Prophets
and Imams. You all know Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib, in the vicinity of whose
tomb we live (Najaf). This great man has said "I never saw a thing but I
saw Allah before it, after it and along with it". (Qablahu, wa ba'dahu wa
"In fact, this was because love of Allah occupied his great heart and
conscience in such a way that it concealed everything else from him. Even
when he saw human beings, he saw Allah. When he looked at Allah's
bounties, he remembered Him. This bond with Allah was always present
before his eyes, for it was Allah alone whom he truly loved and to whom
his hopes and aspirations were directed. He never allowed anyone to divert
his attention from Allah".
"Love of the world also reaches the stage where man does not see
anything but the world before it, after it and along with it. Whatever he
does, he does it for some wordly gain. He cannot devote himself to pious
deeds for more than a few days. This is double grade love of the world.
Imam Sadiq has said, "This world is like sea water. The more one drinks of
it, the more one gets thirsty."
"It was love of Allah that was the basis of Imam Ali's courage and
bravery. His courage was not that of a ferocious beast. It was the courage
produced by the faith and love of Allah. He was over 60 when he fought
against the Khwarij and in a single engagement killed 4000 of them. He was
also at the height of bravery in regard to being patient and not pressing
his rightful claim. He kept quiet when he was required by Allah to
overlook his right. At that time, he was in the prime of his life. His
conscience was aflame with the fire of youth. But Islam had told him to
keep quiet and be patient, despite the violation of his rights."
"After all what is this world of ours? It is a collection of imaginery
and fictional things. Harun-al-Rashid's world was very imposing. We curse
him day and night. We say that we are better, more pious and more
God-fearing than Harun was. Has the world of Harun-al-Rashid been offered
to us and have we rejected it? If not, how can we claim to be more pious
than him. The world offered to us is not that of Harun. It is much less
limited and comparably insignificant. It is transient and shorter and not
as vast and extensive as that of Harun. For the sake of this world, he
imprisoned Imam Musa-e-Kazim. Are we sure that if we get that world, we
would not throw the Imam into prison? Have we tested ourselves and put
this question to ourselves? Has the world of Harun ever been offered to us
so that we know we are more pious?"
"In our world, there can be no truth except that of Allah's good
pleasure. Had the Imam worked for worldly gains, he would have been the
most miserable person. Yet when he worked for Allah, he said on his
deathbed "By the God of the Ka'aba, I am a successful person". This world
is not for the students of theology. A student looking for this world can
get neither this world nor the next. Therefore, it is incumbent upon us,
as students, to confine our efforts to seeking the next world for this
world has no value to us".
"We should think any moment as possible for our death. At the time of
his death, my father was not as old as I was (1). My brother died at a
younger age than I did. I have now completed the span of my lifetime (2)."

"We ask Allah to purify our hearts, and to brighten them with faith.
May He turn our mind more towards seeking His pleasure and fill or hearts
with His love, His fear and belief in Him. May he help us according to the
teachings of his book, Ameen."
Ayatullah Baqir Sadr.

    Sayyid Sadr was 47 to 48 years old when he said this.

    Sayyid Sadr was executed, along with his sister Bint-al-Huda, a few
    months later.

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