Useful Maps for Pilgrims to Makkah Madinah [Electronic resources] نسخه متنی

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Places to Visit:










Makkah al-Mukarramah

Masjid al-Haraam

The Holy Ka'aba. The House of Allah and the birth place of Imam Ali b. Abi
Taalib [a]

Hajar al-Aswad (The Black Stone)

Maqam Ibrahim

Hijr Ismail. This was the location of the house of Prophet Ismael [a]. He
and his mother are buried here. He denied access to anyone because he did
not like it to be walked on. Other prophets are buried in this place also.
According to Imam Baqir [a], the place between Rukn and Maqam is full of
graves of the Prophets. According to Imam Sadiq [a], seventy prophets are
buried between Rukn al-Aiman and Hajar al-Aswad

Well of Zamzam

Mizabe Rahmah: the golden trough (water channel) between Rukn Iraqi and Rukn


Mustajar: This is just before Rukn Yamani whilst walking from Rukn Shami
to Rukn Yamani. It has also been defined as the area between the Black Stone
(hajar al-aswad) and the door of the Ka'aba

Mutaawadh or Multazam: The place between Rukn Yamani and the Black Stone
(hajar al-aswad)

Hatwim. According to the book "Adabul Haramain", this is the place
between the door of the Ka'aba and Hajar al-Aswad. It is called Hatwim "the
smasher" because it smashes major and minor sins of one who seeks forgiveness
here. It is said that this is the place where Adam [a] was forgiven. According
to the book "Umra & Ziyarat", this is the place where Prophet Ismail,
his mother and many other prophets are buried. See Hijr Ismail above.

Rukn al-Aiman (the right-hand side corner of the Ka'aba).This is opposite
the Black Stone behind the House. The Prophet [s] said "Whenever I come at
this point, I find Jibril is already there before me." Imam al-Sadiq [a]
said: "Rukn al-Aiman is our gate to Paradise". He also said: "In this place
is one of the doors of Paradise that has never been closed since it was opened.
There is a river from Paradise in which deeds of the servants are dropped."
Also called Rukn al-Junubi. It comes before the Black Stone corner.

Rukn Shami/Gharbi. This is the corner of the Ka'aba that comes after Hijr

Rukn al-Sharqi. This is the corner where Hajar al-Aswad rests.

Rukn al-Shimali / Iraqi. This is corner that comes after the Ka'aba's door
before one reaches Hijr Ismail.

Mount Safa. When going to Safa for Sa'y, use the same door that
the Prophet [s] used, which is Bab as-Safa, opposite the Black Stone.

Mount Marwa

Jannat al-Mualla (Cemetery in Makkah)

Also known as Al-Hajun. The Prophet [s] used to visit it frequently.
It is the 2nd holiest graveyard after Baqi. Those buried here include:

Abd Manaf: Great, great-grandfather of the Holy Prophet [s]

Grave of Hashim: Great-grandfather of the Holy Prophet [s]

Grave of Abdul Muttalib: Grandfather of the Holy Prophet [s]

Grave of Amina: Mother of the Holy Prophet [s]

According to another source, Amina is buried in Abwa (between Makkah and
Madina) - where the 7th Imam [a] was born

Grave of Abu Talib: Father of First Imam Ali [a]

Grave of Khadija: First wife of the Holy Prophet [s] and mother of Sayyida
Fatima [a]

Qasim: son of the Holy Prophet [s] who died in his infancy

Amongst the famous scholars buried in the graveyard of Hajun are:

Marhum Agha Mirza Muhammad al-Istrabadi - author of Rijal al-Kabir wa
Ayat al-Ahkam

Sayyid Mir Muhammad Mu'min al-Istrabadi author of Al-Ruj'a. He lived
near Makkah

Sayyid al-Shahid Mir Zeinul Abideen al-Husseini al-Kashani. He was martyred
in Makkah and buried in a grave he had chosen himself in the graveyard of
Mu'alla. He was amongst those who laid the foundation of the House after
it was demolished.

Sheikh Muhammad son of the author of Al-Maalim. His grave lies near
the grave of Khadija [a]

Ibn Sheikh Muhammad - buried beside his father. Used to take a lot of care
in matters concerning Ihtiyat (caution) and fear of Allah

3Jabal Nur. The mount on which the Cave of Hira is found
4Cave (ghar) of Hira
The cave where the Holy Prophet [s] used to meditate frequently
during the first forty years of his life. This is also the place he received
the first revelation
5Cave of Thaur
The cave where the Holy Prophet [s] hid from his enemies when migrating
to Madina
6Birth Place of the Holy Prophet [s]
Situated near "Suq Lail". Presently a library by the name of "Maktaba
Makkah al-Mukarramah"
7The house of Khadija [a] and birth place of Fatima [a]
This is where the Prophet [s] lived until he migrated. It is where Khadija
[a] died and where Fatima [a] was born. It is also the place where the Meccans
had planned to kill the Prophet [s] on the night of Hijrat and Imam
Ali [a] slept in his place. It is a place where Jibrail used to descend with
revelations from Allah
8House of Ibrahim [a], the son of the Holy Prophet [s] who died in infancy
9House of Abu Talib [a], father of Imam Ali [a]
10Masjid Jin
11Masjid Bilal
12Mount Abu Qubais
Near this is the place where the Prophet [s] performed the miracle of
splitting the moon in two
About two farsakhs from Makkah. Maimuna, wife of the Prophet [s], is
buried here
Near Makkah. Abdullah b. Ismail b. Badhee's grave is at "Feel".
He was amongst the companions of the 5th, 6th, 7th and 8th Imams, peace be
upon them
Another place for ziyarat is the graveyard of the Martyrs of
Fakh. Fakh is the name of a place which used to be Miqat-e-Swibyaan. In this
place, about a hundred people from the descendants of Fatima [a] lost their
lives in the hands of the puppets of Musa al-Hadi al-Abbasi. Muhadith al-Qumi
quotes the 9th Imam al-Jawad [a] as having said that after Taf there had
been no other fatal and destructive battle like the one of Fakh. Du'bal also
mentions Fakh in one of his poems
16Useful Maps
for Pilgrims to Makkah & Madinah

Madina al-Munawwarah

1Masjid al-Nabawi

    Shrine of Holy Prophet of Islam, peace be upon him & his Household

    Grave of Sayyida Fatima al-Zahra [a]. Daughter of the Prophet [s] and
    wife of Imam Ali [a]. According to some historians she is buried in Jannatul

    Room (hujra) of Sayyida Fatima al-Zahra, peace be upon her

    Pulpit (minbar) of the Holy Prophet [s]

    Prayer niche (mihrab) of the Holy Prophet [s]

    The Rawda

    The door (bab) of Archangel Jibrail [a]

    Maqam of Archangel Jibrail [a]

    Pillar of Abu Lubaba

2Jannatul Baqi

    Graves of Imam Hasan (2nd Imam), Imam Zaynul Abidin (4th Imam), Imam Muhammad
    al-Baqir (5th Imam), and Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq (6th Imam), peace be upon

    Grave of Sayyida Fatima [a]. Daughter of the Prophet [s] and wife of Imam
    Ali [a]. Location of her grave is unknown. According to some historians
    she was buried in her own room (now inside Masjid Nabawi) next to the
    Holy Prophet [s]'s darih

    Grave of Abbas b. Abdul Muttalib [r]: Uncle of the Holy Prophet [s] and Imam
    Ali [a]

    Grave of Fatima bint. Asad [a]: Mother of Imam Ali [a]

    Grave of Ja'far al-Tayyar [a] - brother of Imam Ali, peace be upon him.

    Graves of Safiya and Aatika [r]: Aunts of the Holy Prophet [s]

    Grave of Ummul Baneen [a]: Wife of Imam Ali [a] and mother of Hadrat Abbas
    ( - Safiya, Aatika
    & Ummul Baneen)

    Grave of Ibrahim [a]: son of the Holy Prophet [s]

    Grave of Haleema [r]: Nursing mother of the Holy Prophet [s]

    Graves of the Holy Prophet's [s] wives (ummahat al-mu'minin)

    Graves of various companions (as-haab) of the Holy Prophet [s]

3Masjid Quba
First mosque of Islam. The Prophet [s] spent more than 20 nights here
(after migrating) praying qasr while waiting for Imam Ali [a]. It
is mentioned in the Qur'an as the mosque founded on piety and devoutness
4Imam Ali [a]'s house
Behind Masjid Quba is Imam Ali [a]'s house
5Well of the Prophet [s]
Infront of Masjid Quba, is a sweet-water well that is now closed. The
Prophet [s]'s ring fell into this well hence the name Bi'ru al-Khatam
(khatam = ring). It is also called Bi'ru Tufla because
at first its water was salty but when the Holy Prophet [s] spat into it,
it changed to sweet refreshing water
6Mashrabat Umm Ibrahim
Joined to Masjid Quba is "Mashrabat Ummu Ibrahim". This is the
room of the Prophet [s]'s wife Mariah Qibtwiyya (Umm Ibrahim). The Prophet
[s] used to live and pray here
7Masjid Fadhikh
It is situated in the eastern part of Masjid Quba. It is named after
a palm tree that used to be at the place. It is also called Masjid Nakhl.
Here is where the sun was brought back for Imam Ali's to pray
Asr which he missed because the Prophet [s] was sleeping on his
8Masjid Qiblatayn (i.e. the mosque of two qiblas)
The mosque where the Holy Prophet [s] was commanded to change his
qibla from Masjid al-Aqsa (Jerusalem) to the Holy Ka'aba (Makkah)
9Sab'a Masajid (lit. 'The place of 7 mosques'). There are now
only five mosques - Masjid Ali
, Masjid Fatima
, Masjid Fath
, Masjid Salman al-Farsi
, & Masjid Umar.
Masjid Fath (lit. "mosque of victory") is at the top of a mountain.
This is named after the Muslims victory in the Battle of Khandaq when Imam
Ali [a] killed Amr b. Abd Wudd and the Prophet [s] prayed here for the Muslims
10Masjid Ummul Mu'minin Mariyah Qibtiya [a], wife of the Holy Prophet [s]
and mother of Ibrahim [a]. This could be one of the two demolished mosques
at Sab'a Masajid (No. 9 above)
11Masjid Raj'atu-Shams - now destroyed
12The houses of Imam Zaynul Abidin [a] and Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq [a]
13Masjid Mubahala
14Masjid Ghamamah. Also called Masjid Eid
The Holy Prophet [s] said his Eid prayers here
15Well (bir) of Ali, peace be upon him
16Masjid Shajarah
Also known as Masjid Ali [a]. This place is a miqat
for those going for umra from Madina to Makkah. The place is also
known amongst the locals as Abar Ali
17Useful Maps
for Pilgrims to Makkah & Madinah


Grave of Lady Hawa (Eve), peace be upon her. First woman on earth and wife
of Prophet Adam, peace be upon him. Jeddah is named after her. Its the Arabic
equivalent for "Grandmother"


1Masjid Abdullah Ibn Abbas [r]
2Grave of Abdullah Ibn Abbas [r]
Cousin and companion of Imam Ali [a]. Very often referred to by Imam
Ali [a] as "Ibn Abbas". See Nahjul Balaagha


1Birth place of the 7th Imam Musa al-Kadhim, peace be upon him
2Grave of Amina, mother of the Holy Prophet, peace be upon him & his
According to some historians, she is buried in Jannat al-Mu'alla


1Martyrs of Badr
Badr is a village between Makkah and Madina. 14 companions of the Holy
Prophet [s] were martyred here in the Battle of Badr
2Masjid al-Arish
Nearby the Martyrs of Badr is Masjid al-Arish where the Prophet
[s] prayed during the battle


1Grave of Hamza [a], uncle of the Holy Prophet [s] who was martyred at
the Battle of Uhud
2Graves of the other martyrs (shuhada) of Uhud


1Jabal Rahmah
2Masjid Numrah


1Masjid Kheef
2Masjid Kauthar
3The Three Jamaraat: Jamaraat al-Ula, Jamaraat al-Wusta, and Jamaraat

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