Linux Cookbook [Electronic resources] نسخه متنی

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Linux Cookbook [Electronic resources] - نسخه متنی

Carla Schroder

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Recipe 2.2. Installing RPMs



2.2.1 Problem


You need to know how to install
software packages on Red Hat and Red Hat-type systems.


2.2.2 Solution


Use RPM, the Package
Manager. Red Hat installation command syntax
looks like this:

# rpm -i packagename

For example, the following command installs the drawing program
Tuxpaint. -v adds verbose feedback, and
-h draws progress hashmarks:

# rpm -ivh tuxpaint-9.13-1.i386.rpm
Preparing...########################### [100%]
1. tuxpaint ######################## [100%]

To test the installation
first, without installing anything, use:

# rpm -ivh test tuxpaint-9.13-1.i386.rpm
Preparing...########################### [100%]

#


2.2.3 Discussion


RPM hell, or getting caught in an endless chain of unresolved
dependencies, is the most common RPM problem. Here are some ways to
prevent it:

  • Do not let any dependencies remain unresolved. They
    don't fix themselves; they lurk and grow larger over
    time.

  • The quality of RPMs varies wildly. Anyone can throw one together and
    post it for distribution. As much as possible, stick with RPMs built
    for your distribution and architecture. Polished Linux
    Distribution (PLD) builds good-quality RPMs for all x86 systems.

  • Use CheckInstall when you need a
    source-built program. CheckInstall creates Red Hat, Debian, and
    Slackware packages, so you get the benefits of both a custom
    compilation and your package manager (see Recipe 4.5, Recipe 4.5).



2.2.4 See Also




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