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Linux Cookbook [Electronic resources] - نسخه متنی

Carla Schroder

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Recipe 2.10. Fixing RPM Installation Problems



2.10.1 Problem


You are trying to install
an RPM, but the installation fails with
"Error: Failed
dependencies." Welcome to dependency hell.


2.10.2 Solution


Collect all of the RPMs needed to satisfy the dependencies, then
install them all at once. For example:

# rpm -ivh tuxpaint-0.9.13-1.i386.rpm
error: Failed dependencies
SDL_image is needed by tuxpaint-0.9.13-1
SDL_ttf is needed by tuxpaint-0.9.13-1
libSDL_image-1.2.so.O is needed by tuxpaint-0.9.13-1
libSDL_ttf-2.0.so.O is needed by tuxpaint-0.9.13-1

# rpm -ivh tuxpaint-0.9.13-1.i386.rpm SDL_image-1.2.3-4.i386.rpm SDL_ttf-2.0.6-1.i386.rpm

The installer will sort them out and install them in the correct
order.

What if RPM complains about a missing file or package, and you are
certain it is installed? Sometimes the RPM database contains errors,
so try rebuilding it:

# rpm -rebuilddb

If that doesn't help, reinstall the allegedly
missing package with replacepkgs:

# rpm -ivh replacepkgs SDL_ttf-2.0.6-1.i386.rpm

If you are certain the necessary libraries exist on your system, try
either forcing the installation, ignoring errors:

# rpm -ivh force tuxpaint-2002.10.20-1.i386.rpm

or don't check dependencies:

# rpm -ivh nodeps tuxpaint-2002.10.20-1.i386.rpm

If you find yourself stuck with unresolvable dependency conflicts,
try installing your new program and all of its dependent packages
from source RPMs (see Recipe Recipe 2.11).


2.10.3 Discussion


Where do you find the packages you
need? Your first stop should be the home page of the program
you're trying to install. Be sure to read any
available documentation.

RPM-based distributions are quite diverse these days, so be sure to
get RPMs built for your system. These are some of largest public
RPM archives:

FreshRPMs


http://freshrpms.net


rpmfind


http://rpmfind.net


rpm.pbone


http://rpm.pbone.net




2.10.4 See Also




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