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Recipe 3.4. Installing Packages on Debian-Based Systems



3.4.1 Problem


All
these software archives, CDs, and so on are meaningless if you
can't install the software. So: you need to know how
to install packages on Debian.


3.4.2 Solution


Use apt-get install:

# apt-get install tuxkart

To reinstall a package, overwriting the files, use:

# apt-get install reinstall tuxkart

To install several packages at once, use a space-delimited list:

# apt-get install tuxkart gltron frozen-bubble

tuxracer nethack galaga

To download only, without installing or unpacking, use:

# apt-get -d install tuxkart

Append dry-run to test the command before
executing it:

# apt-get install tuxkart gltron frozen-bubble tuxracer nethack galaga dry-run


3.4.3 Discussion


To find package names, use Debian's package search
page at http://www.debian.org/distrib/packages/. Debian's package names
are often very different from their RPM cousins. For example,
CyrusSASL is packaged as sasl-2.x.rpm, but on
Debian it's split into several packages named
libsasl-*.

Remember to run apt-get
update
after changing
/etc/apt/sources.list, and run it periodically
to stay current with the package repositories.

apt-get fetches and installs (and when
necessary, deletes) all packages necessary to resolve all
dependencies.


3.4.4 See Also


  • apt-get(8)

  • Local documentation
    (/usr/share/doc/Debian/apt-howto)



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