Palestine from the viewpoint of Imam Khomeini [Electronic resources] نسخه متنی

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Palestine from the viewpoint of Imam Khomeini [Electronic resources] - نسخه متنی

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aspects combined with nationalist ideas, had by the mid-nineties acquired an ideological
aspect and an Islamic dimension. As Dr. Fathi Shaqaqi, the secretary general of Islamic
Jihad in Palestine said: کThe victory of the Islamic revolution brought back confidence
in ideology and religion for all Muslims of the world and proved that Islam is an
unbeatable force. Islam brought alive the power of uprising in the Palestinian people.
With the peoples movement (intifada) in Palestine, even those who are still
influenced by the ideas of Arab nationalism are looking to Islam as an energy source and a
means to bring the Arabs together for saving Palestine, and some have even started to
genuinely re-evaluate their ideas.

Some of the Palestinian forces felt that the Palestinian issue was not
simply one of settling Jews on occupied land. Rather, in addition to helping the political
and economic aims of the imperialists in the Middle East region, they saw the whole affair
as part of a new western crusade against the Islamic umma and as a way to take
revenge for the defeat of the Christian and western forces in the Crusades of 1096-1254
and for the conquest, humiliating as it was for the West, of Constantinople in 1453 by the
Ottoman Turks.

It was a new idea formed after the Palestinian movement reached the
many dead ends in its struggle, or rather to be more accurate it was an idea which found
renewed strength. So in this way one can say that the intifada had a lot of
similarities with the Islamic revolution in Iran, in particular in its Islamic aspect, and
Imam Khomeini was one of the respected role models for the Palestinian people and they
paid great attention to his opinions. For this reason, the collection of his views and
thoughts should be afforded considerable attention and scrutiny for he is an effective
personality and role model in the Palestinian struggle and someone whom the Palestinian
Muslims regard as having revived the Islamic movement.

The compromise of Gaza and Jericho

The intifada brought hope for the Palestinian refugees and
created a serious danger for Israel which it felt acutely. The fear that the movement
would continue agitated the occupying government and made it ready to compromise. The
Israelis never recognised the Palestinian nation as one with an historical identity.
Consequently, before the intifada they had always obstinately refused to accept any
resolution or peace plan that tried to find a political solution, however limited the
rights and concessions for the Palestinians it may have given. Security Council
resolutions 242 and 338 and Reagans peace plan offer clear proof of this obstinate
stance. Eventually though, Americas and Israels fear of the intifada forced
them to give in to negotiations with the PLO.

The break-up of the Soviet Union and the shift from a polarised
international system to one fully dominated by the US compelled the Americans to adopt new
policies. In order to block the way for the infiltration of European and Japanese
influence, and even that of Islamic fundamentalism, and open the way for installing the
new world order and establishing American world dominance, they were forced to direct
their attention to controlling and extinguishing tension in the worlds flash points,
especially in the Middle East region - whose volatile situation was seen to have
international repercussions - to grabbing the Middle East peace initiative and damping
down tensions in areas prone to crises.

The more conciliatory groups in the Palestinian struggle saw the intifada
as their trump card, one that would secure hitherto unachieved concessions in
negotiations. They felt that because of the intifada, they could now enter
negotiations in a much stronger position. Consequently, they began to use it to their
advantage. On 9 September 1993, Yassir Arafat, chairman of the PLO, in a letter to Israeli
premier Yitzhak Rabin, formally recognised Israels right to exist in peace and
security. He also renounced violence and announced the PLOs agreement to the
Declaration of Principles (accord) and Security Council resolutions 242 and 338 (which
formally recognised the existence of the occupying regime and called on it to withdraw to
borders in place before 1968). He also stated that those articles in the Palestine
National Charter that denied Israels right to exist and contradicted the PLOs
commitment to renounce terrorism and other acts of violence would henceforth be کinoperative
and no longer valid. The day after Yitzhak Rabin, also in a letter, officially
recognised the PLO as the representative of the Palestinian people and in the Israeli
parliament announced that he had agreed to start negotiations with them. The 17-point
draft of the accord - which provided for Palestinian self-rule for the Gaza Strip and the
West Bank town of Jericho - was signed by Arafat and Rabin during negotiations. One of the
aims of America and Israel in giving in to this agreement was to create a split among the
Palestinians and damp down the flames of intifada using Palestinian hands.

Another of the results of this agreement was to smooth the way for the
official recognition of Israel by the Arab governments and transform Israel into a
legitimate base in the region. This agreement, brought about because of the acute worry
the intifada caused Israel, may have constituted a limited retreat on the part of
Israel from its previous stance of nonacceptance, but it was still a long way from
securing the elevated goals the Muslim nation of Palestine aspired to in their struggle.

Recognising Israels right to exist will turn out to be the source of
many tragedies for the Middle East and the Muslims in the future, and the fault does not
lie only with the PLO and Arafat. If we look at this agreement issue from a wider
perspective and judge it from the viewpoint of Imam Khomeini, then the fault for these
tragedies lies also on the shoulders of all the Muslim governments, all of them have
helped bring about this humiliating situation. Even though the results and future of these
new moves for compromise cannot be given final judgement without more time and it is up to
posterity to make known the realities, it is obvious now that the seeds of resistance in
Palestine have found fertile soil in ideological and Islamic ground, and the faith and
motivation of the Muslim people of Palestine form a gushing spring which is responsible
for irrigating this ground. So the most natural assumption is that the tree of
steadfastness and struggle will grow ever taller and prolific. Indeed, the signs are
already there. This is the future that Imam Khomeini anticipated and throughout his life
and struggles he took determined steps and bore much hardship along the road to realising
this future.

"If ye will aid (the cause of) God, He will aid you and plant
your feet firmly." (Quran 47:7).

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