Hajj in the Quran - Hajj in the Quran [Electronic resources] نسخه متنی

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Hajj in the Quran




In the name of Allah, the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful .



وَأَذِّن فِي النَّاسِ بِال'حَجِّ يَأ'تُوكَ رِجَالاً وَعَلَى كُلِّ ضَامِرٍ يَأ'تِينَ مِن كُلِّ فَجٍّ عَمِيقٍ .



"And proclaim that the people shall observe Hajj pilgrimage.



They will come to you walking or riding on various
exhausted (means of transportation). They will
come from the farthest locations."
[22:27]

These are the verses (in sequence) that deal with Hajj (Pilgrimage) in the
Quran;



I seek refuge in God from Satan the rejected

In the name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

[al-Baqarah 2:125]



وَإِذ' جَعَل'نَا ال'بَي'تَ مَثَابَةً لِّلنَّاسِ وَأَم'ناً وَاتَّخِذُوا' مِن
مَّقَامِ إِب'رَاهِيمَ مُصَلًّى وَعَهِد'نَا إِلَى إِب'رَاهِيمَ وَإِس'مَاعِيلَ أَن
طَهِّرَا بَي'تِيَ لِلطَّائِفِينَ وَال'عَاكِفِينَ وَالرُّكَّعِ السُّجُودِ.



We have rendered the shrine (the Ka`aba) a focal point for the people, and a
safe sanctuary. You may use Abraham's shrine as a prayer house. We commissioned
Abraham and Ismail: "You shall purify My house for those who visit, those who
live there, and those who bow and
prostrate."

[al-Baqarah 2:158] .



إِنَّ الصَّفَا وَال'مَر'وَةَ مِن شَعَآئِرِ اللّهِ فَمَن' حَجَّ ال'بَي'تَ أَوِ
اع'تَمَرَ فَلاَ جُنَاحَ عَلَي'هِ أَن يَطَّوَّفَ بِهِمَا وَمَن تَطَوَّعَ خَي'راً
فَإِنَّ اللّهَ شَاكِرٌ عَلِيمٌ.



The knolls of Safa and Marwah are among the rites decreed by GOD. Anyone who
observes Hajj or `Umrah commits no error by traversing the distance between
them. If one volunteers more righteous works, then GOD is Appreciative,
Omniscient.



[al-Baqarah 2:189]



يَس'أَلُونَكَ عَنِ الأهِلَّةِ قُل' هِيَ مَوَاقِيتُ لِلنَّاسِ وَال'حَجِّ
وَلَي'سَ ال'بِرُّ بِأَن' تَأ'تُو'ا' ال'بُيُوتَ مِن ظُهُورِهَا وَلَـكِنَّ
ال'بِرَّ مَنِ اتَّقَى وَأ'تُوا' ال'بُيُوتَ مِن' أَب'وَابِهَا وَاتَّقُوا' اللّهَ
لَعَلَّكُم' تُف'لِحُونَ.



They ask you about the phases of the moon! Say, "They provide a timing device
for the people, and determine the time of Hajj." It is not righteous to beat
around the bush; righteousness is attained by upholding the commandments and by
being straightforward. You shall observe GOD, that you may succeed.



[al-Baqarah 2:196]



وَأَتِمُّوا' ال'حَجَّ وَال'عُم'رَةَ لِلّهِ فَإِن' أُح'صِر'تُم' فَمَا
اس'تَي'سَرَ مِنَ ال'هَد'يِ وَلاَ تَح'لِقُوا' رُؤُوسَكُم' حَتَّى يَب'لُغَ
ال'هَد'يُ مَحِلَّهُ فَمَن كَانَ مِنكُم مَّرِيضاً أَو' بِهِ أَذًى مِّن رَّأ'سِهِ
فَفِد'يَةٌ مِّن صِيَامٍ أَو' صَدَقَةٍ أَو' نُسُكٍ فَإِذَا أَمِنتُم' فَمَن
تَمَتَّعَ بِال'عُم'رَةِ إِلَى ال'حَجِّ فَمَا اس'تَي'سَرَ مِنَ ال'هَد'يِ فَمَن
لَّم' يَجِد' فَصِيَامُ ثَلاثَةِ أَيَّامٍ فِي ال'حَجِّ وَسَب'عَةٍ إِذَا
رَجَع'تُم' تِل'كَ عَشَرَةٌ كَامِلَةٌ ذَلِكَ لِمَن لَّم' يَكُن' أَه'لُهُ حَاضِرِي
ال'مَس'جِدِ ال'حَرَامِ وَاتَّقُوا' اللّهَ وَاع'لَمُوا' أَنَّ اللّهَ شَدِيدُ
ال'عِقَابِ.



You shall observe the complete rites of Hajj and `Umrah for GOD. If you are
prevented, you shall send an offering, and do not resume cutting your hair until
your offering has reached its destination. If you are ill, or suffering a head
injury (and you must cut your hair), you shall expiate by fasting, or giving to
charity, or some other form of worship. During the normal Hajj, if you break the
state of Ihraam (sanctity) between `Umrah and Hajj, you shall expiate by
offering an animal sacrifice. If you cannot afford it, you shall fast three days
during Hajj and seven when you return home - this completes ten -provided you do
not live at the Sacred Masjid. You shall observe GOD, and know that GOD is
strict in enforcing retribution.



[al-Baqarah 2:197]



ال'حَجُّ أَش'هُرٌ مَّع'لُومَاتٌ فَمَن فَرَضَ فِيهِنَّ ال'حَجَّ فَلاَ رَفَثَ
وَلاَ فُسُوقَ وَلاَ جِدَالَ فِي ال'حَجِّ وَمَا تَف'عَلُوا' مِن' خَي'رٍ
يَع'لَم'هُ اللّهُ وَتَزَوَّدُوا' فَإِنَّ خَي'رَ الزَّادِ التَّق'وَى وَاتَّقُونِ
يَا أُو'لِي الأَل'بَابِ.



Hajj shall be observed in the specified months. Whoever sets out to observe
Hajj shall refrain from sexual intercourse, misconduct, and arguments throughout
Hajj. Whatever good you do, GOD is fully aware thereof. As you prepare your
provisions for the journey, the best provision is righteousness. You shall
observe Me, O you who possess intelligence.



[al-Baqarah 2:198]



لَي'سَ عَلَي'كُم' جُنَاحٌ أَن تَب'تَغُوا' فَض'لاً مِّن رَّبِّكُم' فَإِذَا
أَفَض'تُم مِّن' عَرَفَاتٍ فَاذ'كُرُوا' اللّهَ عِندَ ال'مَش'عَرِ ال'حَرَامِ
وَاذ'كُرُوهُ كَمَا هَدَاكُم' وَإِن كُنتُم مِّن قَب'لِهِ لَمِنَ الضَّآلِّينَ.



You commit no error by seeking provisions from your Lord (through commerce).
When you file from `Arafaat, you shall commemorate GOD at the Sacred Location
(of Muzdalifah). You shall commemorate Him for guiding you; before this, you had
gone astray.



[al-Baqarah 2:199]



ثُمَّ أَفِيضُوا' مِن' حَي'ثُ أَفَاضَ النَّاسُ وَاس'تَغ'فِرُوا' اللّهَ إِنَّ
اللّهَ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ.



You shall file together, with the rest of the people who file, and ask GOD
for forgiveness. GOD is Forgiver, Most Merciful.



[al-Baqarah 2:200-201]



فَإِذَا قَضَي'تُم مَّنَاسِكَكُم' فَاذ'كُرُوا' اللّهَ كَذِك'رِكُم' آبَاءكُم'
أَو' أَشَدَّ ذِك'راً فَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَن يَقُولُ رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّن'يَا
وَمَا لَهُ فِي الآخِرَةِ مِن' خَلاَقٍ (200) وِمِن'هُم مَّن يَقُولُ رَبَّنَا
آتِنَا فِي الدُّن'يَا حَسَنَةً وَفِي الآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ
(201)

Once you complete your rites, you shall continue to commemorate GOD as you
commemorate your own parents, or even better. Some people would say, "Our Lord,
give us of this world," while having no share in the Hereafter. [2:201] Others
would say, "Our Lord, grant us righteousness in this world, and righteousness in
the Hereafter, and spare us the retribution of Hell."

[al-Baqarah 2:203]



وَاذ'كُرُوا' اللّهَ فِي أَيَّامٍ مَّع'دُودَاتٍ فَمَن تَعَجَّلَ فِي يَو'مَي'نِ
فَلاَ إِث'مَ عَلَي'هِ وَمَن تَأَخَّرَ فَلا إِث'مَ عَلَي'هِ لِمَنِ اتَّقَى
وَاتَّقُوا' اللّهَ وَاع'لَمُوا أَنَّكُم' إِلَي'هِ تُح'شَرُونَ.



You shall commemorate GOD for a number of days (in Mena); whoever hastens to
do this in two days commits no sin, and whoever stays longer commits no sin, so
long as righteousness is maintained. You shall observe GOD, and know that before
Him you will be gathered.



[Al-Imran 3:96-97]



إِنَّ أَوَّلَ بَي'تٍ وُضِعَ لِلنَّاسِ لَلَّذِي بِبَكَّةَ مُبَارَكاً وَهُدًى
لِّل'عَالَمِينَ (96) فِيهِ آيَاتٌ بَيِّـنَاتٌ مَّقَامُ إِب'رَاهِيمَ وَمَن
دَخَلَهُ كَانَ آمِناً وَلِلّهِ عَلَى النَّاسِ حِجُّ ال'بَي'تِ مَنِ اس'تَطَاعَ
إِلَي'هِ سَبِيلاً وَمَن كَفَرَ فَإِنَّ الله غَنِيٌّ عَنِ ال'عَالَمِينَ (97)

The most important shrine established for the people is the one in Becca; a
blessed beacon for all the people. In it are clear signs: the station of
Abraham. Anyone who enters it shall be granted safe passage. The people owe it
to GOD that they shall observe Hajj to this shrine, when they can afford it. As
for those who disbelieve, GOD does not need anyone.



[al-Ma'idah 5:1]



يا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا' أَو'فُوا' بِال'عُقُودِ أُحِلَّت' لَكُم
بَهِيمَةُ الأَن'عَامِ إِلاَّ مَا يُت'لَى عَلَي'كُم' غَي'رَ مُحِلِّي الصَّي'دِ
وَأَنتُم' حُرُمٌ إِنَّ اللّهَ يَح'كُمُ مَا يُرِيدُ.



O you who believe, you shall fulfill your covenants. Permitted for you to eat
are the livestock, except those specifically prohibited herein. You shall not
permit hunting throughout Hajj pilgrimage. GOD decrees whatever He wills.



[al-Ma'idah 5:2]



يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا' لاَ تُحِلُّوا' شَعَآئِرَ اللّهِ وَلاَ
الشَّه'رَ ال'حَرَامَ وَلاَ ال'هَد'يَ وَلاَ ال'قَلآئِدَ وَلا آمِّينَ ال'بَي'تَ
ال'حَرَامَ يَب'تَغُونَ فَض'لاً مِّن رَّبِّهِم' وَرِض'وَاناً وَإِذَا حَلَل'تُم'
فَاص'طَادُوا' وَلاَ يَج'رِمَنَّكُم' شَنَآنُ قَو'مٍ أَن صَدُّوكُم' عَنِ
ال'مَس'جِدِ ال'حَرَامِ أَن تَع'تَدُوا' وَتَعَاوَنُوا' عَلَى ال'برِّ وَالتَّق'وَى
وَلاَ تَعَاوَنُوا' عَلَى الإِث'مِ وَال'عُد'وَانِ وَاتَّقُوا' اللّهَ إِنَّ اللّهَ
شَدِيدُ ال'عِقَابِ.



O you who believe, do not violate the rites instituted by GOD, nor the Sacred
Months, nor the animals to be offered, nor the garlands marking them, nor the
people who head for the Sacred Shrine (Ka`bah) seeking blessings from their Lord
and approval. Once you complete the pilgrimage, you may hunt. Do not be provoked
into aggression by your hatred of people who once prevented you from going to
the Sacred Masjid. You shall cooperate in matters of righteousnessand piety; do
not cooperate in matters that are sinful and evil. You shall observe GOD. GOD is
strict in enforcing retribution.



[al-Ma'idah 5:94]



يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا' لَيَب'لُوَنَّكُمُ اللّهُ بِشَي'ءٍ مِّنَ
الصَّي'دِ تَنَالُهُ أَي'دِيكُم' وَرِمَاحُكُم' لِيَع'لَمَ اللّهُ مَن يَخَافُهُ
بِال'غَي'بِ فَمَنِ اع'تَدَى بَع'دَ ذَلِكَ فَلَهُ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ.



O you who believe, GOD will test you with some game within reach of your
hands and your arrows (during pilgrimage). GOD thus distinguishes those among
you who observe Him in their privacy. Those who transgress after this have
incurred a painful retribution.



[al-Ma'idah 5:95]



يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا' لاَ تَق'تُلُوا' الصَّي'دَ وَأَنتُم' حُرُمٌ
وَمَن قَتَلَهُ مِنكُم مُّتَعَمِّداً فَجَزَاء مِّث'لُ مَا قَتَلَ مِنَ النَّعَمِ
يَح'كُمُ بِهِ ذَوَا عَد'لٍ مِّنكُم' هَد'ياً بَالِغَ ال'كَع'بَةِ أَو' كَفَّارَةٌ
طَعَامُ مَسَاكِينَ أَو عَد'لُ ذَلِكَ صِيَاماً لِّيَذُوقَ وَبَالَ أَم'رِهِ عَفَا
اللّهُ عَمَّا سَلَف وَمَن' عَادَ فَيَنتَقِمُ اللّهُ مِن'هُ وَاللّهُ عَزِيزٌ ذُو
ان'تِقَامٍ.



O you who believe, do not kill any game during pilgrimage. Anyone who kills
any game on purpose, his fine shall be a number of livestock animals that is
equivalent to the game animals he killed. The judgment shall be set by two
equitable people among you. They shall make sure that the offerings reach the
Ka`bah. Otherwise, he may expiate by feeding poor people, or by an equivalent
fast to atone for his offense. GOD has pardoned past offenses. But if anyone
returns to such an offense, GOD will avenge it. GOD is Almighty, Avenger.



[al-Ma'idah 5:96]



أُحِلَّ لَكُم' صَي'دُ ال'بَح'رِ وَطَعَامُهُ مَتَاعاً لَّكُم' وَلِلسَّيَّارَةِ
وَحُرِّمَ عَلَي'كُم' صَي'دُ ال'بَرِّ مَا دُم'تُم' حُرُماً وَاتَّقُوا' اللّهَ
الَّذِيَ إِلَي'هِ تُح'شَرُونَ.



All fish of the sea are made lawful for you to eat. During pilgrimage, this
may provide for you during your journey. You shall not hunt throughout the
pilgrimage. You shall reverence GOD, before whom you will be summoned.



[al-Tawbah 9:2]



فَسِيحُوا' فِي الأَر'ضِ أَر'بَعَةَ أَش'هُرٍ وَاع'لَمُوا' أَنَّكُم' غَي'رُ
مُع'جِزِي اللّهِ وَأَنَّ اللّهَ مُخ'زِي ال'كَافِرِينَ.



Therefore, roam the earth freely for four months, and know that you cannot
escape from GOD, and that GOD humiliates the disbelievers.



{al-Tawbah 9:36]



إِنَّ عِدَّةَ الشُّهُورِ عِندَ اللّهِ اث'نَا عَشَرَ شَه'راً فِي كِتَابِ
اللّهِ يَو'مَ خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَات وَالأَر'ضَ مِن'هَا أَر'بَعَةٌ حُرُمٌ ذَلِكَ
الدِّينُ ال'قَيِّمُ فَلاَ تَظ'لِمُوا' فِيهِنَّ أَنفُسَكُم' وَقَاتِلُوا'
ال'مُش'رِكِينَ كَآفَّةً كَمَا يُقَاتِلُونَكُم' كَآفَّةً وَاع'لَمُوا' أَنَّ
اللّهَ مَعَ ال'مُتَّقِينَ.



The count of months, as far as GOD is concerned, is twelve. This has been
GOD's law, since the day He created the heavens and the earth. Four of them are
sacred. This is the perfect religion; you shall not wrong your souls (by
fighting) during the Sacred Months. However, you may declare all-out war against
the idol worshipers (even during the Sacred Months), when they declare all-out
war against you, and know that GOD is on the side of the righteous.



[al-Tawbah 9:37]



إِنَّمَا النَّسِيءُ زِيَادَةٌ فِي ال'كُف'رِ يُضَلُّ بِهِ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا'
يُحِلِّونَهُ عَاماً وَيُحَرِّمُونَهُ عَاماً لِّيُوَاطِؤُوا' عِدَّةَ مَا حَرَّمَ
اللّهُ فَيُحِلُّوا' مَا حَرَّمَ اللّهُ زُيِّنَ لَهُم' سُوءُ أَع'مَالِهِم'
وَاللّهُ لاَ يَه'دِي ال'قَو'مَ ال'كَافِرِينَ.



Altering the Sacred Months is a sign of excessive disbelief; it augments the
straying of those who have disbelieved. They alternate the Sacred Months and the
regular months, while preserving the number of months consecrated by GOD. They
thus violate what GOD has consecrated. Their evil works are adorned in their
eyes. GOD does not guide the disbelieving people.



[al-Hajj 22:26-27]



وَإِذ' بَوَّأ'نَا لِإِب'رَاهِيمَ مَكَانَ ال'بَي'تِ أَن لَّا تُش'رِك' بِي
شَي'ئاً وَطَهِّر' بَي'تِيَ لِلطَّائِفِينَ وَال'قَائِمِينَ وَالرُّكَّعِ
السُّجُودِ (26) وَأَذِّن فِي النَّاسِ بِال'حَجِّ يَأ'تُوكَ رِجَالاً وَعَلَى
كُلِّ ضَامِرٍ يَأ'تِينَ مِن كُلِّ فَجٍّ عَمِيقٍ (27)

We appointed Abraham to establish the Shrine: "You shall not idolize any
other god beside Me, and purify My shrine for those who visit it, those who live
near it, and those who bow and prostrate."And proclaim that the people shall
observe Hajj pilgrimage. They will come to you walking or riding on various
exhausted (means of transportation). They will come from the farthest
locations."

[al-Hajj 22:28-29]



لِيَش'هَدُوا مَنَافِعَ لَهُم' وَيَذ'كُرُوا اس'مَ اللَّهِ فِي أَيَّامٍ
مَّع'لُومَاتٍ عَلَى مَا رَزَقَهُم مِّن بَهِيمَةِ ال'أَن'عَامِ فَكُلُوا مِن'هَا
وَأَط'عِمُوا ال'بَائِسَ ال'فَقِيرَ (28) ثُمَّ ل'يَق'ضُوا تَفَثَهُم' وَل'يُوفُوا
نُذُورَهُم' وَل'يَطَّوَّفُوا بِال'بَي'تِ ال'عَتِيقِ (29)

They may seek commercial benefits, and they shall commemorate GOD's name
during the specified days for providing them with livestock. "Eat therefrom and
feed the despondent and the poor." They shall complete their obligations,
fulfill their vows, and visit the ancient shrine.



[al-Hajj 22:33]



لَكُم' فِيهَا مَنَافِعُ إِلَى أَجَلٍ مُّسَمًّى ثُمَّ مَحِلُّهَا إِلَى
ال'بَي'تِ ال'عَتِيقِ.



The (livestock) provide you with many benefits for a period, before being
donated to the ancient shrine.



[al-Hajj 22:36]



وَال'بُد'نَ جَعَل'نَاهَا لَكُم مِّن شَعَائِرِ اللَّهِ لَكُم' فِيهَا خَي'رٌ
فَاذ'كُرُوا اس'مَ اللَّهِ عَلَي'هَا صَوَافَّ فَإِذَا وَجَبَت' جُنُوبُهَا
فَكُلُوا مِن'هَا وَأَط'عِمُوا ال'قَانِعَ وَال'مُع'تَرَّ كَذَلِكَ سَخَّر'نَاهَا
لَكُم' لَعَلَّكُم' تَش'كُرُونَ.



The animal offerings are among the rites decreed by GOD for your own good.
You shall mention GOD's name on them while they are standing in line. Once they
are offered for sacrifice, you shall eat therefrom and feed the poor and the
needy. This is why we subdued them for you, that you may show your appreciation.



[al-Fath 48:27]



لَقَد' صَدَقَ اللَّهُ رَسُولَهُ الرُّؤ'يَا بِال'حَقِّ لَتَد'خُلُنَّ
ال'مَس'جِدَ ال'حَرَامَ إِن شَاء اللَّهُ آمِنِينَ مُحَلِّقِينَ رُؤُوسَكُم'
وَمُقَصِّرِينَ لَا تَخَافُونَ فَعَلِمَ مَا لَم' تَع'لَمُوا فَجَعَلَ مِن دُونِ
ذَلِكَ فَت'حاً قَرِيباً.



GOD has fulfilled His messenger's truthful vision: "You will enter the Sacred
Masjid, GOD willing, perfectly secure, and you will cut your hair or shorten it
(as you fulfill the pilgrimage rituals) there. You will not have any fear. Since
He knew what you did not know, He has coupled this with an immediate victory."

To read commentaries about these verse, please, refer to Tafsir Al-Mizan by
Allamah Tabatabai.



Sura 22 is called Al-Hajj. Read the whole Sura,

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